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ADHD Resources

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood. It is usually first diagnosed in childhood and sometimes lasts into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviours or be overly active. There are a range of management options depending on the nature of the problem. 

Broadly management is divided into;

  • Investigating and excluding other conditions (visual or hearing difficulties, poor sleep, poor diet, other medical or developmental concerns) 

  • Helping the child and family to understand their condition (psychoeducation)

  • Altering the education environment to better suit the child's strengths and weaknesses

  • Working with families to promote positive parenting strategies

  • Medication based strategies

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Background Information:

Treatment Resources:

Non-Medication Based Management:

ADHD Symptoms Questionnaire 

List of ADHD Support Groups

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Tips for Parents

The following are suggestions that may help with your child’s behavior:

  • Create a routine. Try to follow the same schedule every day, from wake-up time to bedtime.

  • Get organized. Encourage your child to put schoolbags, clothing, and toys in the same place every day so that they will be less likely to lose them.

  • Manage distractions. Turn off the TV, limit noise, and provide a clean workspace when your child is doing homework. Some children with ADHD learn well if they are moving or listening to background music. Watch your child and see what works.

  • Limit choices. To help your child not feel overwhelmed or overstimulated, offer choices with only a few options. For example, have them choose between this outfit or that one, this meal or that one, or this toy or that one.

  • Be clear and specific when you talk with your child. Let your child know you are listening by describing what you heard them say. Use clear, brief directions when they need to do something.

  • Help your child plan. Break down complicated tasks into simpler, shorter steps. For long tasks, starting early and taking breaks may help limit stress.

  • Use goals and praise or other rewards. Use a chart to list goals and track positive behaviours, then let your child know they have done well by telling them or by rewarding their efforts in other ways. Be sure the goals are realistic—small steps are important. 

  • For most children, the thing they want most is your time and undivided attention. Try to use activities as rewards rather than toys, screen or treats. 

  • Discipline effectively. Instead of scolding, yelling, or spanking, use effective directions, time-outs or removal of privileges as consequences for inappropriate behaviour.

  • Create positive opportunities. Children with ADHD may find certain situations stressful. Finding out and encouraging what your child does well—whether it’s school, sports, art, music, or play can help create positive experiences. Self confidence in one area can lead to self confidence in other areas. 

  • Provide a healthy lifestyle. Nutritious food, lots of physical activity, and sufficient sleep are important; they can help keep ADHD symptoms from getting worse.

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